Stage 3 Kidney Disease- Signs and Symptoms and How to Prevent It
disA major sign of stage 3 kidney disease involves the loss of its function. The kidneys filter excess fluids and waste from the blood, which are then excreted into the urine. During stage three, dangerous levels of wastes, electrolytes and fluids can build up in the body. In the early stages of the disease a patient may only experience a few minor symptoms. This condition may not be apparent until the last stages of the disease. Most people who suffer from this condition are not even aware that they have it unless the disease has progressed to the final stage. Often, its failure is diagnosed with a blood test during a routine exam.
The Truth behind Kidney Disorder
Treatment for kidney disease will focus on slowing down the progression of damage to the organs, usually by controlling the cause. This condition may seem to have come on suddenly, but this condition is very slow progressing and it can take several years before a patient experiences any symptoms.
Each organ contains a number of filters call nephrons, which, if they become damaged will be unable to filter the blood enough to keep a person healthy. There are some things that you can do to stop or slow down the damage to the organs. Taking medication and making certain lifestyle changes can help a person to manage their illness and feel better.
The most common causes of kidney damage include uncontrolled high blood pressure for many years and high blood sugar for a period of several years. Other things that can cause this condition include a blocked or narrow renal artery, long term use of certain medications that can damage the organs and frequent organ infections.
Some people will experience symptoms only a few months after the organs begin to fail. However, most people do not have symptoms early on. Many patients with this condition will not experience any symptoms for as long as twenty years or more. This is referred to the silent phase of the disorder.
As the condition of your kidneys gets worse you may urinate less than normal, feel sleepy or very tired, have swelling from fluid retention, lose your appetite, have frequent headaches, have trouble sleeping or feel sick often.
How is Kidney Infection Treated?
This infection can affect almost every part of your body. Some complications can include fluid retention, a sudden rise in your potassium levels in the blood, blood vessel and heart disease, increased risk for bone fractures and weakened bones, impotence and decreased sex drive, anemia, decreased immune response, damage to the central nervous system, pregnancy complications, and pericarditis.
Depending on the cause of kidney failure, some types of this are treatable. However, stage 3 of this infection is usually not treatable. In general, treatment will consist of pain management and medication used to control symptoms of the infection, in hopes of reducing the risks of complications. Your physician will work to control or slow the illness. Treatment options will vary and depend on the cause. The damage to the organs can continue to worsen even when a patient is undergoing treatment.
The Hard Facts of Kidney Failure
- The symptoms are caused by the buildup of waste products in the body that can cause shortness of breath, weakness, confusion and lethargy. The body’s inability to remove enough potassium from the blood can lead to sudden death or abnormal heart rhythms.
- Organ failure does not always cause symptoms
- Should the kidneys completely fail, the only treatment available is a transplant or ongoing dialysis
- While in some cases organ failures may be progressive and untreatable, there are some causes of the disease that are treatable, allowing kidney function to return to normal
- A diagnosis is usually made by performing a simple blood test
- The best way to prevent damage is making lifelong efforts to control diabetes and/or high blood pressure
Self-Care Tips for Kidney Failure Sufferers
After a diagnosis, your physician will go over your treatment options, in addition to an extensive list of foods and medications you must steer clear of. Patients must follow these self-care instructions closely in order to encourage proper organ function and prevent worsening of the condition.
Most doctors will recommend limiting your protein intake because doing so can slowdown the progression of the disease. A nutritionist can help you to determine how much protein you can consume daily. Salt consumption must also be restricted, limited to two to four grams daily in order to prevent fluid retention and to help lower blood pressure.
Drinking plenty of water will not help to prevent the disease. Patients with the disease may also be instructed to limit their water intake in order to prevent fluid retention.
Patients who suffer from this must also closely monitor their potassium intake. This is a necessary restriction for patients with advanced disease because the organs are no longer able to remove potassium from the bloodstream.
In order to protect bone health, doctors will also recommend minimizing phosphorus intake. Foods that are high in phosphorus include cola drinks, beans, dairy products and eggs.
For patients with stage 3 kidney disease, there are several types of medications that are considered toxic to the organs and should be avoided at all costs. Among common over the counter medications, the following meds should be used with caution or avoided altogether:
- Medications including blood thinners and antibiotics may require a dosage adjustment in patients suffering from kidney disease
- Fleet enemas contain high levels of phosphorus and must be avoided
- Certain types of analgesics such as NASAIDS and aspirin
- Antacids and laxatives that contain aluminum and magnesium
- Decongestants such as Sudafed should also be avoided, especially in patients with high blood pressure
- Alka seltzer should also be avoided since it contains a large amount of sodium
- Do not take dietary supplements or herbal medications unless they have been reviewed and approved by your doctor