Medullary Sponge Kidney – Therapeutic Solution

Medullary sponge kidney is a birth defect that involves the tubules. The tubules are tiny tubes located inside, which urine flows through. In this case, cysts will form in the inner part. The cysts will create a spongy appearance.  The formation of these cysts will prevent urine from freely flowing.

Symptoms of Benign Congenital Disorder

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This condition is present at birth but in most cases it does not appear to be genetic. Problems caused by this condition include kidney stones, blood in urine, and infections in the urinary tract. These issues will not appear until around the age of forty. This condition will affect one in five-thousand people. Research has shown that up to thirty percent of people with this condition will also suffer.

Most people with this condition will not experience any symptoms early in life. This first sign that a person has this condition is usually a kidney stone or a urinary tract infection. Both of these conditions feature similar symptoms such as pain in the lower back or in the groin area, foul smelling urine, cloudy, bloody or dark urine, pain or burning during urination, vomiting, chills and fever. People who suffer from any of these symptoms will need to see a physician immediately.

A physician may suspect this type of condition when a person suffers from multiple kidney stones or repeated urinary tract infections. In order to confirm this diagnosis the physician will need to order an x-ray and an IVP. The IVP is a procedure that involves injecting dye into the veins. This dye will travel quickly and the dye will be filtered through the urinary tract and will make the urine visible on the x-ray and show any type of blockage. A cyst will show up as a small spot of light on the IVP test.

Cure for Cystic Disease of the Kidney

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Currently, there is no treatment available that can get rid of cysts. Once a physician has determined that the patient is suffering from MSK, the treatment will focus on curing the infection and removing any stones present and preventing future stone formation and infection.

To treat a urinary tract infection the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic. Kidney stone removal can require a procedure referred to as a lithotripsy, which will use sound waves to break down the stones into smaller particles. These particles will then be allowed to pass through the urinary tract.  Patients who suffer from this condition should keep in mind that ongoing treatment will be necessary in order to prevent future infections and the management of kidney stones. Most patients with Medullary Sponge Kidney will be required to undergo an ultrasound twice a year in order to monitor for swelling and the formation of new kidney stones.