Causes of an Enlarged Kidney- How Much do You Know?

An enlarged kidney is usually a symptom of an underlying disorder or disease involving the kidneys. These illnesses and disorders can include a stone. A physician will first focus on determining the underlying cause, in order to treat this condition effectively.

The Importance of Kidney Health

Causes of enlarged kidneysKidneys are vital to human survival. They work by removing excess waste from the bloodstream.  The waste will eventually become urine, which is passed into the bladder where it will be released from the body. The condition PKD involves the growth of a number of cysts on the organs. The cysts are water filled and benign. The expanded kidney is usually a symptom of this disorder as the cysts will cause the organs to expand. Other symptoms can include back pain, abdominal swelling, frequent urination, headache and high blood pressure. If this condition is left untreated then the high blood pressure can lead to other serious medical conditions such as a heart attack, stroke or renal failure.

Kidney stones are hard deposits of salt and minerals that form inside. The stones will form as minerals in the urine, crystallizing and attaching to each other. Stones can cause them to expand, leading to enlargement of the organ. These stones can grow impressively large. A patient with this condition will typically experience nausea and vomiting, back pain, fever, and side and abdominal pain, frequent urination and pain with urination.

Unilateral hydronephrosis is a condition that involves one kidney that is swollen and enlarged because of a backup in urine. If both of them  are enlarged then the disorder is referred to as bilateral. Usually, this condition will occur as a result of another issue with these organs that prevents the urine from entering the bladder, resulting in urine retention. An obstruction can be the cause for urine retention. Because of this, in addition to an swollen kidney, abdominal masses can also be found.

What to do if you Suffer From Symptoms of Swollen Kidneys?

inflated kidney issuesIf a physician suspects that a patient has swollen organ for waste removal then they will usually refer the patient to a physician who specializes in nephrology, which is the study of its treatments and conditions and the study of treatments and diseases of the urinary tract. A physician will perform a number of diagnostic tests on the patient in order to determine the cause of the organ enlargement so that a treatment plan can be made.

Any issues with these organs or urinating should be investigated by a doctor immediately, as an untreated problem can lead to organ failure to function or becoming damaged. You should find out at once if you are suffering from enlarged kidney. If you experience pain with urination, tenderness in the sides and back area, back pain and a fever, you should make an appointment with your physician right away in order to determine the underlying cause for these symptoms.